Vitiligo

WHAT IS VITILIGO (LEUCODERMA):-

Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease in which the skin loses melanin,the pigment that determines the colour of the skin,hair and eyes.

Vitiligo occurs when the cells that produce melanin die or no longer form melanin,causing white patches of irregular shapes to apper on your skin.

Vitiligo affects all races but may be more noticeable in people with darker skin.

A patch of Vitiligo begins as a localized area of hypopigmentation that becomes chalky white after a variable period.

  • CAUSES OF VITILIGO:-

Vitiligo occurs when melanin-forming cells fail to produce melanin pigment.

Doctors and scientists have different theories :

-It may be due to immune system disorder in which person's immune system reacts against the body's own organs or tissues.

-Heredity may be a factor.

-Some people have reported a single event,such as sunburn or emotional distress,that triggered the condition.

-Sometimes pigment loss can occur in someone who has had a melanoma.

-Vitiligo is more common in people with certain autoimmune conditions such as Hyperthyroidism,Alopecia areata.Pernicious anemia

  • SYMPTOMS OF VITILIGO:-

-Pigment loss produces milky white patches on skin.

-Premature whitening of the hair on scalp,eyelashes.eyebrows,beard.

-Loss of the colour of the tissue that lines the inside of the mouth.

-Loss of colour of the inner layer of the eyes.

Depigmentation firstly appear on the sun exposed areas of skin such as hands,feet,arms ,face and lips.Genitalia may also affected.

  • DIAGNOSIS OF VITILIGO:-

Medical history:-

-A family history of vitiligo or an autoimmune disease

-A personal history of sun sensitivity of other skin conditions.

-A rash,sunburn or other skin traumawithin 2-3 months of start of pigment loss

-A history of melanoma

-Premature graying of hair(before 35)

-Stress or physical illness

Woods lamp test-

In which UV light shines onto the skin to determine whether you have vitiligo or other skin conditions.

Skin biopsy and blood draw-

A small sample of your skin is taken for biopsy

Draw blood to check your blood cell count, thyroid function and to look for the presence of anti-nuclear antibodies (a type of autoantibody) that would indicate an autoimmune disease.

  • TREATMENT OF VITILIGO:-

Allopathic Treatment-

-Topical steroid therapy

-Psoralen photochemotherapy

-Pepigmentation therapy

-Surgical therapy-Autologous skin grafts,Micropigmentation(tattooing),Autologous melanocyte transplant

Homeopathic treatment-

Homeopathic medicines balance the immune system.

The scope of Homeopathic treatment extends beyond the physical symptoms and approach is more holistic in nature.It also addresses the stress and depression that is seen in patient.

Prognosis depends on location,duration,extent of spread of disease,on general health of patient or on other systemic illness.

Homeopathic Medicines-

Alum.,Ant t.,Arg n.,Dros.,Hydro.,Nit acid.,Sep.,Zinc p.