Allergy

WHAT IS ALLERGY

Allergy is an exaggerated reaction by our immune system in response to exposure to certain foreign substances.It is exaggerated because these foreign substances are seen by the body as harmless.In allergic individuals the body recognize the foreign susbstaces and generate a response.

Allergy producing substances are called "Allergens".Examples are pollen,dust mite ,molds,animal proteins,foods and medications.

CAUSES OF ALLERGY:-

An allergy starts when immune system mistakes a normally harmless substance for a dangerous invader.The immune system then produces antibodies that are always on the alert for that particular allergen.When we are exposed to the allergen again in the future,these antibodies can release a number of immune system chemicals (histamine) that cause allergy symptoms.

Triggering factors:

  • Airborne allergens-pollen,animal dander,dust mites
  • Certain foods-Peanuts,treenuts,wheat,fish
  • Insect stings-bee or wasp stings
  • Medications-Penicillin
  • Latex or other substances

SYMPTOMS WITH COMMON ALLERGIC CONDITIONS:-

It can involve the airways,sinuses and nasal passages, skin and digestive system.

1.Hay fever-Also called allergic rhinitis,may cause:

  • Congestion
  • Itchy ,runny nose
  • Itchy,watery or swollen eyes

2.Atopic dermatitis-An allergic skin condition also called Eczema, may cause:

  • Itchy skin
  • Red skin
  • Flaking or peeling skin

3.Food allergy may cause

  • Tingling mouth
  • Swelling of lips,tongue,face or throat
  • Hives
  • Anaphylaxis

4.Insect sting allergy may cause:

  • A large areaof swelling at the sting site
  • Itching or hives all over the body
  • Cough,chest tightness,wheezing or shortness of breath
  • Anaphylaxis

5.Drug allergy may cause:

  • Hives
  • Itchy skin
  • Rash
  • Facial swelling
  • Wheezing
  • Anaphylaxis

DIAGNOSIS OF ALLERGY:-

  1. Patient history
  2. Skin test-In this test skin is pricked and exposed to small amounts of the proteins found in your potential allergens.If person is allergic, he will develop a raised bump at the test location on the skin.
  3. Blood test-A radioallergosorbent test (RAST) can measure the immune system's response to a specific allergen by measuring the amount of allergy causing antibodies in the blood stream (IgE).

TREATMENT OF ALLERGY:-

Allopathic Treatment-

1.Allergens avoidance

2.Medication to reduce symptoms-Depends on the type of allergy.It may be nasal sprays,Oral medicines or eyedrops.

3.Immunotherapy-For severe allergy or the allergies which are not treated by medicines.

4.Emergency Epinephrine-It should be kept all the time if a person has a severe allergy.

Homeopathic Treatment-

As it is an altered immune condition where there is formation of autoantibodies so Homeopathic medicines normalizes the altered immunity.

Homeopathic medicines-

Ars-qalb.,Apis.,Ailanthus,Bry.,Carbo-v.,Dulc.,Kali-bi.,Hep-s.,Just.,nat-m.,Tell.,Petr.