WHAT IS MIGRAINE
It is a common form of headache where there is episodic,paroxysmal headache usually but not necessarily affecting one side of the head.It may or may not be associated with giddiness,nausea,vomiting or visual impairment.
Pain is usually intense and lasting for half an hour to over a couple of days.
It is a vascular headache that is caused due to vasodilatation and abnormalities in the levels of certain chemicals in the brain.
It also tend to be hereditary in nature.
Triggering factors are;
It often begins in childhood,adolescence or early adulthood.
4 stages are there-
1.Prodrome-One or two days before migraine there may be;
2.Aura-It occurs before and during headache.These include;
3.Attack-When untreated it usually lasts from four to 72 hours.Following symptoms;
4.Postdrome-Occurs after a migraine attack.Patient may feel drained and washed out.
Diagnosis is based on history given by the patient.Certain investigations are:
Pain-relieving medicines-NSAIDs such as Ibuprofen,Acitaminophen,Triptans etc.,anti nauseatic medicines,opioid medications.
Preventive medications-Cardiovascular drugs (beta blockers),antidepressant(serotonin,norepinephrine), antiseizure drugs.
Hoemoeopathy believes that migraine is a personality disorder and hence the treatment should be determined according to personality of patient.
With continued treatment patient notices the reduction in the frequency of attacks and intensity of pains.