Common Cold

  • WHAT IS COMMON COLD:-

Common cold is a viral infection of upper respiratory tract-Nose and Throat.

It is a self limited contagious illness.

Preschool children are at higher risk of frequent colds ,but even healthy adults can expect to have a few colds each year.

Most people recover from a common cold in about a week or two.

  • CAUSES OF COMMON COLD:-

It is a viral disease.More than 200 of different types of viruses are known to cause the common cold with Rhinovirus causing 30-35% of all adult colds.

Other common virus include coronavirus,adenovirus,respiratory syncytial virus and parainfluenza virus.Because so many different viruses can cause a cold and because new cold viruses constantly develop,the body never builds up resistance against all of them.For this reason colds are a frequent and recurring problem.

It is spread either by direct contact with infected secretion from contaminated surfaces or by inhaling the airborne virus after individual sneeze or cough.

  • SYMPTOMS OF COMMON COLD:-

Symptoms usually appear about 1 to 3 days after exposure to virus. These are-

  • Runny and stuffy nose
  • Itchy or sore throat
  • Cough
  • Congestion
  • Slight body aches or a mild headache
  • Sneezing
  • Watery eyes
  • Low grade fever
  • Mild fatigue

Discharges from nose may become thicker and yellow or green in color as it runs its course.

  • DIAGNOSIS OF COMMON COLD:-

Diagnosis is mainly based on the history of the illness such as- onset,duration,progress,modalities.

Lab tests and imaging studies are not necessary unless there is not another underlying medical conditions such as influenza,ear infection,sinus infection.

  • TREATMENT OF COMMON COLD:-

Allopathic Treatment-

Although it is a self limited condition but some medicines are:

-Pain relievers- For fever,sore throat and headache Acetaminophen is given.

-Decongestant nasal sprays

-Cough syrups

Homeopathic treatment-

It corrects the imbalance in the immune system rather than simply curing an infection.

Homeopathic Medicines-

Aco.,Alli-c.,Bell.,Bry.,Calc-c.,Kali-bi.,Puls.